A world without oil is it possible.
It has been known for fifty years, human activity has a very negative impact on the environment, especially on the climate. Since the beginnings of the industrial revolution at the end of the nineteenth century and the advent of fossil fuels, man has continued to plunder the planet’s natural resources. The exploitation of oil, which has allowed humanity to make an outstanding technological leap a century ago, is still, almost 150 years later, the basis of our industry and our energy.
150 years of unreasonable exploitation of our resources have created more damage than 100,000 years of humanity.
Except that its exploitation, both in energy and raw material has disastrous effects on the environment. Massive releases of greenhouse gases and the creation of such ubiquitous plastics are bringing down most ecosystems around the world. The effect of inertia and the immobility of policies make the situation more and more catastrophic.
Yet alternatives exist. A world without oil is possible. For several years, researchers have been working and developing energies and materials without oil.
Clean energy has existed for several years now, but there is no single alternative to oil in this area, each use has an alternative. Let’s move on to the subject of mass electrical production, which is a very complex subject and none today is really ideal.
Geothermal energy and solar power plants have a promising future as there are technologies today that can provide energy even at night. However, the level of sunshine needed is not available everywhere. On the other hand, the creation of a network of small individual producers seems to be interesting.
For transportation and punctual energy production, fuel cell technology is booming. It remains that the production of hydrogen which is the raw material is not without complications.
The materials are also at the dawn of a revolution. Plastics have become a scourge for the entire planet. Researchers are developing fully biodegradable plastics based on cultured algae. New materials, such as carbon graphene, biodegradable are also being studied to change the electronics and avoid the use of rare and pollutant metals.
Solutions exist in power generation and chemistry.
Finally there is the case of petrochemicals and all of its by-products that have invaded our daily lives such as polystyrene, solvents, pesticides. For some of them, it is necessary to simply do without it and for others, to use plant alternatives, green chemistry.
There is no one-size-fits-all solution to replace oil, but all of these solutions exist. So why do not we see them take precedence over petroleum derivatives?
First because the oil industries are very powerful and they are not ready to endanger their business model. But this situation makes them guilty of aggravating the environmental chaos that is on the way. If part of the enormous financial resources at their disposal were used to research and promote alternatives to oil, these would already be in our daily lives.
Researchers and industrialists who develop alternatives to oil are sorely lacking in funding and industrial relays for democratize these solutions.